Knowledge in Russian Society   (Published: 01.03.2020)

The Russian generation-to-generation understanding of history has survived only within Russia's borders - if at all areas and levels of social life. Historical truth is something that is always tied to time and place. In this respect, human communities are quite different from one another. A well-written history once does not need a new narrative if the situation is under control between the present and the future encounter.

Starting Points for Development

The Russians' view of their own system differs from that of other people and Russia. The Russian leadership has given itself the task of explaining Russia's historic mission to those inside the country. So do other communities and the states they create. But human communities and states, especially those in the immediate vicinity of Russia, and even more distantly in modern times, see things differently. Increasing Russia's territorial and operational size has always been perceived among the annexed territories as an attack on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of another state.

The Birth of Russianness

Humans and human communities tend to increase the significance of their community in the historical context. It establishes a justification for an action that gives the right to deviate from community norms, e.g. in the use of force and in gaining one's own perspective in domestic affairs or in relation to external entities. In expanding its living space, the community has the right to use military force to ensure its own security outside its territory in a preventive sense. This kind of behavior can be explained by a history story that tells from its own perspective that the people of the enlightened areas themselves wanted to join Russia.

Legitimizing Leadership

State leaders (Tsarist Russia, the Soviet Union, and the Russian Federation) have based their leadership on the notion that the Orthodox Church supported by teaching that tsarist power comes directly from God. The Soviet Union abandoned this by creating the world's first atheist state. From the early days of Russian state development, according to Russian history, smaller human communities in the region were unable to create state structures, which is why, perhaps with the help of the Russian armed forces, the Russian leadership fulfilled their aspirations to enter the Russian state. During the Soviet Union, the country had become a global player. After its disintegration, the nation states annexed to the Soviet Union became new independent states in 1991. At the same time, the Orthodox Church and the Russian Federation also began a new kind of co-existence.

Loyalty in Russia

The emergence of citizen loyalty differs from that of leadership in Russia. States are created and disintegrated for various reasons. Military power, the united beliefs of the leadership and the people in God and the realization of this will on earth are central to the birth of a state. The survival of a state created by power becomes problematic if state structures are unable to adapt to internal and external changes, or if there is no effective interaction mechanism between them. People's loyalty to fellow people / state arises when the parties benefit more from being together than from being apart and sacrificing. Loyalty is the most important thing for the state to stay together. It works differently, in Russia it works on the principle of 'all or nothing'.

Loyalty and Awareness

Knowledge gets its primary importance through the cognitive dimension of perception and thinking. Secondary importance comes from the values ​​and values ​​that are spread through language, culture and governmental leadership. Interaction relationships play a major role in maintaining loyalty. Democracy is the best-known measure of current state development and values. The concept of integrity, built on the same foundation, is emerging alongside one another. It goes beyond democracy. In communality, integrity requires not only an equal starting point, but also more interpersonal interaction between people and things in order to be functional.

On Russian Leadership

In the West, democracy works through representativeness. Election programs of political bodies create illusions and aspirations that are supposed to meet people's expectations. The self-imposed reform policy that began in the latter part of the Soviet Union ended in 1991. There are always three steps to controlling operations: design, implementation and control. The self-imposed bottom-up reform process of Russian society ended before it even began. Thirty years after the beginning of the Russian internal reform process, one can see how sadly Russian is on Volga's lap.

Conflict Regulation

Russia's problem-solving capacity in internal problems and in international crises has been limited, as Russia is used to solving its problems by force. All the rulers of the country who have divided the territories of Russia have received the appellation "Great" in the name of their ruler. Over the centuries, the Russian people have become accustomed to subjecting their leaders to the will and vision of the country. This does not mean that the Russians have no will of their own. If the leadership still believes in Russia's greatness using force instead of knowledge and know-how, development will not look good in keeping the country among the leading nations. Russia needs to know better own origin.

The Truth in Russia

Pravda's pre-version was duplicated in the Crimea, in the rock cave underneath the summer palace of the Czarist family, where it was the least searched. Before and after those times, "Truth" was always defined by the terms of the country's leadership and institutions. The truth has never rebuked the ranks of the people. The writings of dissidents, especially the poet Vladimir Vysotski, have played an important role in the formation of the Russian moral backbone during difficult Soviet years. His poems continue to be popular, though the country's leadership has always had its own poems. Finding the unburnt truth in Russia today is crucial to the country's development.

Internal Division

The problem with Russia today is the income distribution gap between different population groups and regions. Official statistics and information provided by the mass media have led to great popularity among modern management throughout its existence. The most difficult thing is to accept the exterior image in connection with the privatization of Russian state assets. Why did one of the richest countries in the world create a land of great income disparities, built on the ruins of the world's first socialist state. It would be right and fair to conduct an ex-post evaluation and discuss its findings in the trial tribunal. The researchers and members of the Trial Tribunal would have an international status to ensure independence and to prevent reprisals. A tribunal-specific study would assess, in accordance with the rule of law, the background to the privatization of Russia, the fate of alternative programs, the realization of privatization, the role of other countries and funding organizations in the program. A separate provision would be the assessment of impact on the country's economy and income distribution within Russia.

External Problems

Not only internal disparity in Russian affairs, but also Russia's handling of international affairs is a situation which is not desirable for the citizens. Through its policy of using force, the country's leadership has drawn attention to Russia's "glorious" tradition of using force in international relations. Whose interests are it that the Russian leader reports that the unidentified "land thieves" have successfully annexed the Crimean Peninsula back to the Russian Federation. Where is the Russian military confederations honor if the Russian occupying forces are moving in military uniforms without identifying cockades or as a salaried army in the world's conflict zones? It is alive if the new Russia acts in this way in international politics. Transparency has never been a valued policy in Russia. Why Russia's war veterans are not calling for the return of Russian military glory, this is something learned at home about the Great Patriotic War, as the son of a lost war soldier in Finland.

Science and Knowledge

Science and know-how are becoming the strongest foundations of the former Soviet Union and present-day Russia in building a new internationally respected Russia. Who knows how to look back at the times of privatization in Russia and the former Soviet Republics? In fact, I have been for several years witnessed when scientists were on the streets selling cigarettes and chocolate bars to sustain their lives and family life. Russia has the expertise, especially in the natural sciences, that is needed to solve environmental problems and energy issues to manage climate change. Russian science cannot be blamed solely for causing environmental problems. Trials and mistakes are made everywhere. The founding of the Great Russian Academy of Sciences in 1724 was an internationally significant issue in the history of science, although the central motive for its establishment was to enhance the application of mathematics in the development of artillery for the Russian troops.

New Leadership

Russia needs a new kind of leadership culture based on the country's history and its rewriting as the history of the entire nation in Russia. Russian history writing lacks the annalist writing tradition that was born in France in the 19th century. Annalist history writing makes history an entity that is related to the reality of its time. There is no need for litigation about whether the sun orbits the earth or the sun. Nor are there any institutions claiming to be blasphemous. Science exists for the respect of life. In different parts of the world, scientists and researchers have become modifiers of existing concepts of reality. Why not also Russia, which has taken the first steps of orbital knowledge in the world in the 1950s. Scientific expertise would open a new way for Russia to progress among the leading countries. The science sector would also serve as a breeding ground for the country's new political leadership.

Request for Assistance to Russia

Russia should look at its role in world history. You could learn something from yourself. Military assistance is provided when requested. One requester is not a plausible explanation. Asking for help from more countries is credible. At the Congress of Vienna 1814 -1815, Russia was asked for troops to appease Paris in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars. Tsar Alexander I sent Russian troops to Paris to calm the situation as jointly agreed.  The journey was long. The Russian army had to march across Europe on its way to Paris and return from there to Russia. As they marched through Europe, officers and soldiers saw how advanced the European states were in the countryside compared to their mother Russia.

As a result of these findings and conclusions, a rebel movement known as the Dekabrist Movement spread among Russian military officers and crews. Its motto was "We have been deceived." A rebellion ensued, which was bloodily defeated in 1825 in St. Petersburg. Nearly a hundred years later, the Socialist Revolution of 1917 took place and succeeded in ending the tsarist rule. 70 years later, the same motto of the Dekabrist was shouted in the streets of Moscow in 1991 - "We have been deceived." just as after the fall of Napoleon, France was troubled - a tranquilizer was needed. Even after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, a peace mechanism was needed in the former Soviet republics. International TA programs calmed the transition economies over more violence in the last 25 years.

 

© Heikki K. Auvinen / Asumer Oy, 2020 - All rights reserved.


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