Agenda 2030 is also a change management program that has its own standards in management and digital technology. The exceptional nature of the program is due to the large number of objectives / sub-objectives and the lack of synergies in the processes of change and standardization of information technology utilizing past practices and taking them into account in current sustainable development as an open account.
The background to sustainable development
The global program must be commensurate with the general level of knowledge in the world. Some of the limitations of the review can be seen in the issues that have contributed to the current development of sustainable development in the areas of content, knowledge management and methodological issues. Constrained in this way, it represents the early stages of sustainable development in the changing worlds of the late Middle Ages and the post-Renaissance era in the industrialized world.
Today's sustainable development cannot be understood solely as a short-term change but must be understood as a change in the worldview that began in the 13th century with the development of independent higher education and, subsequently, of the university in Europe. During the Renaissance, as a result of the exploration begun in the 16th century and the great discoveries of basic physics in the 17th century and the general urbanization in Europe, Europe and the world began to create skills gaps between regions and populations. The Church as an institution of spiritual values still existed.
Development of Europeanism
The development of the European worldview was greatly boosted by shipping and the accompanying economic change. In the Dutch example, the European King's Chambers established trading companies in the overseas countries and territories, acting as concessionaires of regional merchants, by means of concessionary agreements with maritime governors. Prior to the establishment of colonial administrations, these trading centers also contributed to defending the economic and security interests in the area, building the infrastructure and establishing an administrative system in the area before the colonial rule.
The emergence of a colonial policy with sources of raw materials and distribution channels for finished products in partner countries at different levels of development created an income gap between the partner countries, which only increased with the increasing number of links between the colony and the mainland. The guiding norm was not the current "win-win" policy for sustainable development amongst the partners on the ground. At a later stage, the colonial values of the Enlightenment and the constitutional states in the colonies did not recognize a new kind of human equality. It was not until the 20th century that widespread human rights policy / recognition of political rights became selectively part of international cooperation based on colonial policy. The beginning of the 1800s / 1900s, the beginning of the independence of former colonies and the building on new foundations, have contributed to the emergence and formation of development aid and sustainable development.
Development problems from the 20th century
However, it has not changed things sufficiently in international cooperation on the big issues. The spread of socialism to the colonies in Eastern Europe did not facilitate the establishment of a common line. Therefore, environmental problems are not known and do not want to be associated with the consequences of past colonial income distribution policies. It is a great pity that the current development community and TA programs do not recognize the causal relationship between current development gap and past colonial policies.
Development cooperation should not operate without the historical perspective of development. This limitation prevents the development of new methods and financial solutions for collaboration. The role of state actors in goal setting and methodological development has not evolved according to the policies and practices of private actors. Development cooperation cannot exploit the recipient countries' own potential for designing and delivering social development and digital programs. The LFA method is a remnant of central leadership and planned economy.
Diversification of cooperation mechanisms
The current methodological standard for development cooperation and the LFA framework is not the actual method. It produces a very different result if someone else does the Logical Framework Matrix (LFM) on the object to be modified. Alternative sustainable development methods would be those with better repeatability:
1) A system analytical approach that limits change management to smaller subsets of their implementation. The system-based approach logically conceives things as entities, but refrains from implementing them in smaller manageable entities. Business process description techniques and standards produce similar process descriptions and information needs definitions by different actors. This was the case with the computerization programs of the industrialized countries of the 1960s and 1980s. Change is always made in conjunction with a change in the management system. This approach applies to both private and public sector activities.
2) Within the framework of the Sustainable Development Cluster Approach presented above, sustainable development can be promoted, in particular within the first cluster (environmental issues), through the methodology used in space research, which has accumulated a wealth of new knowledge on environmental laws during space research. Operational research methods developed during World War II have been extensively applied in space exploration and other aspects of the convergence of social activities - rescue and security and cooperation mechanisms between modes in the 1950s and 2000s. NASA has released industry-specific tools and standards that could be used to develop a common and interoperable environmental governance mechanism.
Justification of the diversification of methods
In an approach based on mentoring, common issues reinforce cooperation and effectiveness. Causal explanation is also the basis for multidimensional explanation models. With enough reliable data and various algorithms, it was possible to forecast future developments and manage them as part of international cooperation, in addition to the current UN cooperation mechanism.
During and after World War II, the development of methods described above in civilian life led to the emergence of a new kind of systems thinking and the existence of a modern system. In the post-WWII world, systems thinking and leadership were divided into two different schools. In the western industrialized countries, things progressed from the bottom up, while in centralized countries like the Soviet Union, they progressed from the top down as part of a centralized state management system. The latter thinking is part of the current LFA method.
Following the common vision, the identification of the activities affected by the change, the exchange of information between the parts and their description as parts of the whole took place in these two schools. The current application of systems thinking, and information technology is based on the analysis of functions and the definition of information needs in the implementation of control by means of an information system. Guiding thinking differs from goal setting and its methods. Once the necessary situational analysis has been made and the things that are being controlled are known, the change around you can be controlled by the three-tier mechanism below.
1 The operational objectives of Agenda 2030 for SDGs, grouped into sub-sets of synergies, other operational objectives, international agreements, and national laws and regulations to guide and manage the surrounding activities.
2 Baseline description (Octal matrix) and functional and interface description of the controlled system at different levels as hierarchical and area-specific processes as information exchange processes and documented workflows with cinematic dependencies where things can be managed and measured with different metrics.
3 Internationally standardized control system standardization, its platforms, technical aids, hardware, software and other standards for the design and implementation of functions, data protection and security issues, and technical compatibility and other implementation issues.
There are different practices for setting goals that are not appropriate for managing all 17 SDG goals. The Logical Framework Approach (LFA) is suitable for structuring early-stage issues and activities. System analysis, on the other hand, is suitable for transforming advanced development work into a system environment built on the basis of internal compatibility according to external needs. The third approach would be to outline the new functional entity according to NASA's operating models and standards in the physical environment. Space debris in the immediate vicinity of the Earth is an example of the limited nature of sustainable development on Earth.
Value spectrum in the classification of development
In sustainable development methods, change focuses on (1) describing and monitoring the physical reality around us, and (2) the relationship between the individual and the community. In assessing the impact of sustainable development, it must always be possible to assess its impact in the wider context. Life on Earth has been going on for millions of years, while the life expectancy of an individual varies from 50 to 100 years.
The individual is a finite and temporal being, while the community represents the continuity and continuity of life on earth. The value spectrum is formed between the two extremes. At one end there is a single individual and at the other end there is a community. Anything that combines humanity and community can be described and proportioned on a spectrum. There are only two absolute values of 100% in the value spectrum - the existence of the individual and the community, either based on or based on it. The values for both extremes and their commonality can be related between the extremes. Value reality is not a static phenomenon, it is constantly changing. After its birth, man becomes a product of the environment.
In the legal and regulatory framework, the value world is involved in the norms governing communality and the individual (constitutions, legislation, international treaties and precedents of the past) and in the normative role of mass media on an ad-hoc basis.
In a dictatorship, the power exercised by individuals has the rights of individuals in their choice of values, and the community is not based on community integrity. In an intimate community, life is based on the common interest (consensus), where things and phenomena are tested and choices are made at the extremes of the value spectrum. Continuing life with integrity requires compromises and adjustment between the extremes. in order to keep life intact within the conditions provided by humans and nature.
The value spectrum can also be divided into segments and compared how far the parts are from the extremes. The issues surrounding the design and implementation of Agenda 2030 for SDGs have not been compared to any universal context in the relationship between human life and everything. Agenda 2030 does not have an unambiguous starting point and standard for describing everything. Each of the 17 targets moves on its own course in the middle of the universe. Things can be segmented and prioritized. Once this grouping is done, various goals can then be set and ways to maintain integrity on earth can be selected.
Other helpful concepts for managing things
Keeping a time perspective in managing things is paramount to understanding things and processes. The concept of time can be linear or cyclic. Global programs and programming to change things are based on a linear concept of time. Planning and realizing the goals of Agenda 2030 is no exception to this rule.
Information and information technology change over time. Different programs and collaboration mechanisms give rise to the problem of scalability and compatibility. It occurs in the exchange of information between people and computers. Standardization in computing and telecommunication technology includes tools and means to manage things. The most well-known telecommunication standard is the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI-model), which enables different levels of compatibility and functionality, e.g. Internet worldwide.
A new kind of logical thinking in the management of things has also emerged in the knowledge society. Interrelationships and interoperability have also been involved in the consideration of issues and the regulation of activities. The interface and its definition is the means by which the world is governed by various phenomena and entities.
An interface has a feature that is not present in entity-based rendering. Interfaces can stomp the world just like holistic thinking, but the interface is the starting point for all that thinking, not through the aggregate of things and phenomena as usual. The interface has a feature that makes it irreplaceable. It can communicate information and energy between things and phenomena. The interface is an essential element in system thinking.
P.S. In the Asumer materials, the 17 Sustainable Development Agenda 2030 Goals are grouped into four clusters, where: The first cluster includes Goals 6, 7, 13, 14 and 15; The second cluster includes Goals 1, 2, 3, 4, and 9; The third cluster includes Goals 5, 8, 10, 11, 12, and 16; and The fourth cluster includes Goal 17.
© Heikki K. Auvinen / Asumer Oy 2020 - All Rights Reserved.